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Oncology Information:

Oncology is a division of medicine dealing with tumors. The job of oncologists is to diagnose cancer in a patient, administer therapy, follow up with patients after treatment, be involved in palliative care with terminal cancer, explore ethical questions regarding cancer care, and screening efforts.

Diagnosing cancer in a patient includes medical history, understanding symptoms, and a physical examination which may reveal the location of the problem. Other methods include biopsy, endoscopy, x-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, ultrasound, scintigraphy, and blood tests.

Therapy and treatments include surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone manipulation, antibody treatments, vaccines, immunotherapy, and in terminal cases, palliative treatment.

Specialties within oncology include radiation oncology, surgical oncology, medical oncology, interventional oncology, gynecological oncology, and pediatric oncology.