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Conditions Treated by Orthodontists

Tooth Decay
Tooth decay is the destruction of tooth material, which includes: Enamel-the hard outer surface of the toothDentin-the second softer layer beneath the enamelPulp-the inside of the tooth containing the nerve and blood supplyRoot-the area of the tooth anchoring it in the bone

Tooth Abscess
A tooth abscess is a sac of pus (infected material) in a tooth or the gums. There are two types of tooth abscesses: Abscess of the pulp (blood and nerve supply inside the tooth)Abscess between the tooth and gum

Thrush is a fungal infection of the mouth caused by an overgrowth of the yeast organism Candida albicans. Thrush usually begins on the tongue and inside of the cheeks and may spread to the palate, gums, tonsils, and throat. In severe cases, the infection may spread to the larynx (voicebox), digestive tract, respiratory system, or skin.

Teething refers to the eruption of a child's first set of teeth, which may cause sore gums.

Primary Teeth

Gingivitis is a mild, often reversible form of gum disease. In gingivitis, there is inflammation of the gum tissue, which surrounds the teeth. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a serious condition called periodontitis (inflammation of the support tissue and bone).

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a group of genetic disorders that affects movement and sensation in the limbs. The disease progresses slowly and causes damage to the peripheral nerves that control muscles and transmit sensation.

Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing stops for brief periods of time while a person is sleeping. These episodes of interrupted breathing last anywhere from 10-30 seconds at a time, and may occur up to 20-30 times per hour. Over the course of a single night's sleep, this can mean up to 400 episodes of interrupted breathing.

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness in infants and children. It is characterized by fever, sores in the mouth, and a rash with blisters. It occurs in warmer months and is transmitted primarily between humans by direct contact with secretions from the nose and throat, saliva, fluid from blisters, or the feces of those who have HFMD.

Impacted Tooth
An impacted tooth is a tooth that is positioned against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue so that it is unlikely to fully erupt through the gums to reach its normal position in the mouth.

Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a serious infection of the gums that causes ulcers, swelling, and dead tissues in the mouth. Although a very painful condition, it can be healed with treatment.