Best Minnesota Pediatric Cardiologists

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Pediatric Cardiologists in Minnesota:

Conditions Treated by Pediatric Cardiologists

Heart Murmur
A heart murmur is an abnormal sound made by turbulent blood flow in the heart. Some adults and many children have incidental heart murmurs that are harmless (benign). At least 30% of children may have an innocent heart murmur at some point during childhood. However, some heart murmurs can signal an underlying heart problem.

Heart Failure
In heart failure, the heart is unable to pump the right amount of blood throughout the body. This causes blood to back up in the veins. Depending on which part of the heart is affected most, this can lead to a build up of excess fluid in the lungs, feet, and elsewhere. Heart failure can worsen with time, which may lead to the use of many treatments. Because of this, doctors are aggressive in treating heart failure to try to prevent it from worsening.

Coronary Artery Disease CAD
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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Coronary Artery Disease is caused by a narrowing of the arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood. This narrowing is a result of Atherosclerosis -the buildup of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the arteries. When the arteries narrow, blood flow is reduced. The reduced blood flow causes the heart muscle to receive less oxygen then it needs to function properly. This is termed ischemia. When ischemia occurs patients typically develop angina or chest pain originating from the heart. If the blood flow is completely cut off, a Heart Attack (myocardial infarction) will occur, and the heart muscle will be permanently damaged.

Congestive Heart Failure
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Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. The term â??heart failureâ? should not be confused with â??heart attack.â? Heart failure occurs after the heart muscle has been damaged or weakened by another primary cause, such as High Blood Pressure , Coronary Artery Disease , or certain kinds of infections. Depending on the cause, heart failure can occur gradually, over many years, while the heart tries to compensate for its loss of function, or it may occur more quickly if a lot of the heart muscle is damaged at once.

Heart Attack
A Heart Attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is interrupted. This deprives the heart muscle of oxygen, causing tissue damage or tissue death. Other names for heart attack include coronary attack, myocardial infarction, coronary thrombosis, and coronary occlusion.

Heart Block
The heart is comprised of four chambers: two upper chambers (atria) and two lower chambers (ventricles). The sinoatrial (SA) node, located near the top of the right atrium, produces electrical signals that are sent to the atrioventricular (AV) node. The AV node then sends the signals to the ventricles, which are the primary pumping chambers of the heart. When the heart is functioning well, the electrical signals are transmitted smoothly from the atria to the ventricles, causing rhythmic muscle contractions that pump blood to the rest of the body.

Acute Coronary Syndrome
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a term given to a group of symptoms. They are associated with chest pain at rest or during mild exertion. It also refers to certain type of Heart Attack known as unstable Angina. This is a very serious condition. It indicates a heart attack could soon occur.

Prosthetic Heart Valve Thrombosis
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of a heart valve replacement procedure. The complication occurs when a thrombus (blood clot) is attached to or near a prosthetic heart valve. This can obstruct blood flow or interfere with the function of the valve. This condition can be life-threatening. Seek medical attention immediately if you think you have prosthetic heart valve thrombosis.