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Conditions Treated by Pulmonologists

Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Newborns
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs mainly in infants who are born prematurely. It causes newborns to have difficulty breathing. If it is not properly treated, RDS can result in complications, such as an infection of the bloodstream and bleeding into the brain. In severe cases, RDS can lead to convulsions and death.

Pulmonary Embolism
A pulmonary embolism is a blockage of an artery in the lungs. It is caused by a clot that travels through the bloodstream to the lungs. Once the clot is stuck in a lung artery, it blocks the blood from nourishing that lung. The tissues on the other side of the blockage may die if it doesn't receive enough blood from other sources. The lung may become damaged and stop working properly. In severe cases this can lead to death.

Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease. The defect occurs in epithelial (lining) cells. These cells normally create a mucus. The mucus is a vital tool for many organs. CF causes the cells to produce a very thick and rubbery mucus. This most commonly causes: Obstructions and infections of the lungs and airwaysMalabsorption in the gastrointestinal system (stomach and intestines)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a chronic, treatable lung disease in which the airways become narrowed and restrict airflow out of the lungs, making breathing very difficult. The condition is most often caused by smoking cigarettes. The two most common forms of COPD are: Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis. Although these diseases often occur together, you may have symptoms more characteristic of one than the other. Typically, patients with COPD have chronic shortness of breath and a chronic cough, frequently with coughing up phlegm.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the airways, causing bronchospasm.

The airways become inflamed and swollen and produce extra mucus. Episodes of asthma (called asthma attacks) occur when the airways narrow, making it difficult to breathe.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic disease. It causes inflammation and fibrosis (scarring) of tissue in the lungs. It occurs most often in people aged 50-70.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare disease. It is high blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs.

A person with PPH has extra muscle in the walls of these blood vessels. That extra muscle makes it more difficult for blood to flow through them. As a result, the right side of the heart has to work harder to push blood to the lungs. This additional strain can eventually lead to heart failure.

Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn is a relatively rare, yet potentially very serious condition. It can cause both immediate and long-term complications and health concerns. PPHN affects approximately one in every 500-1500 births.

Air travels in and out of the lungs through bronchial tubes. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of these tubes. This inflammation causes airways to narrow. This makes it hard to breath. There are different degrees of asthma. Some people may have very mild asthma with rare flare-ups. Others may have a severe, constant asthma.