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Sports Medicine Physicians in Arkansas:

Conditions Treated by Sports Medicine Physicians


Muscle Strain
A muscle strain is an injury (partial tear) that damages the internal structure of the muscle. The tearing may be so small that one could only see it with a microscope or the tearing may be severe enough to cause internal bleeding and cause some muscle fibers to lengthen. If the damaged parts of the muscle actually pull away from each other, it is called a muscle rupture.

Hamstrings Strain
A hamstring strain is a partial tear of the small fibers of the muscles in the hamstring group. The hamstrings are the large group of muscles in the back of the thigh. They consist of three muscles that run from above the hip to below the knee joint.

Groin Strain
A groin strain is a partial tear of the small fibers of the adductor muscles. The adductors are a group of three muscles located on the inner side of the thigh. They start in the groin area and run down the inner thigh to attach to the inner side of the knee.

Gluteal Strain
A strained gluteal muscle is a partial tear of the small fibers of the gluteal muscles. The gluteal muscles are a group of three muscles in the buttocks. This is not a common injury, but is sometimes seen in runners, dancers or other athletes.

Calf Muscle Strain
A strained calf muscle is a partial tear of the small fibers of the muscles. The calf muscles are located in the back of your lower leg.

The Calf Muscles

Ankle Sprain
An ankle sprain is a partial or complete tear of the ligaments that support the ankle. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that cross joints and connect bones to each other.

Ankle Fracture
An ankle fracture is a break in the ankle joint. The joint is made up of three bones that make up:

Tibia (shin bone)-the main bone of the lower leg that runs along the inside of the leg Fibula-the smaller bone of the lower leg that runs along the outside of the leg Talus-the bone that provides the connection between the leg and the foot and is less often fractured than the others The ankle joint is supported by three groups of ligaments. An injury that causes a fracture may also damage one or more of these ligaments.

Abdominal Hernia
The abdominal wall wraps around the center of the body. It extends from just below the rib cage to the pelvis. The wall keeps the intestines and other organs in the abdominal cavity. When the wall is weakened it can tear. Intestines or other organs can bulge through the opening. This is called an abdominal hernia. There are several types of abdominal hernias, all named for their location:

Forearm Muscle Strain
A Muscle Strain is an injury (partial tear) that damages the internal structure of the muscle. The tearing may be so small that it can only be seen with a microscope. Or, the tearing may be severe enough to cause internal bleeding and cause some muscle fibers to become longer. If the damaged parts of the muscle actually pull away from each other, it is called a muscle rupture.

Abdominal Muscle Strain
This is an injury that damages the internal structure of the abdominal muscles. Strains are marked by rips or tears to a muscle. Most of the time, these rips or tears are tiny. They may cause some discomfort. When the damaged parts of the muscle pull away from each other, it is called a rupture.



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