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Conditions Treated by Urologists


Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia BPH
The prostate gland is a walnut-sized organ located at the base of the urinary bladder, directly in front of the lower rectum. It surrounds the urethra, or urinary tube, and is just beneath the skin in front of the anus. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Women do not have a prostate gland.

Impotence
Erectile dysfunction, also called impotence, is the inability to attain or maintain an erection of the penis that is firm enough for penetration during sexual intercourse. To initiate and maintain an erection, the penis must fill with blood. Nerve signals stimulate this engorgement. They prompt the blood vessels in the penis to expand so blood can fill it. Meanwhile, other blood vessels constrict, trapping blood inside.

Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the prostate. The prostate is a gland that surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the end of the penis in men. Women do not have a prostate gland.

Testicular Cancer
Throat Cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in one or both testicles. The testicles (or testes) are a pair of male sex glands that produce sperm and male hormones. They are located under the penis in a sac-like pouch called the scrotum. At the top of each testis is a bunch of tiny tubules that collect and store sperm. This structure is called the epididymis. The sperm travel from the epididymis through the spermatic cord (or vas deferens) and out through the urethra during ejaculation.

Epididymitis
Acute epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis. This is a structure shaped like a tube that surrounds and attaches to each testicle. The epididymis helps transport and store sperm cells.

In His Own Words: Living With Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)


Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer is an abnormal and unregulated growth of the cells that make up the urinary bladder.

The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity. In females, it is in front of the vagina and in males, it is in front of the rectum. The bladder stores urine produced by the kidneys. Each kidney has a tube (ureter) leaving it that leads to the bladder. The body's blood is filtered through the kidneys. Substances from the blood that can be used by the body and a certain amount of water are sent back into the bloodstream. Waste products and excess fluid (together called urine) from each kidney travel down the ureters and into the bladder. This urine is stored in the bladder until it is discharged from the body (urinated).

Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer, also called renal cancer, refers to a malignancy that originates in the kidneys.

The kidneys are organs that filter the blood to remove liquid waste products and produce urine. Humans have two kidneys, a left and a right. The body can function with only one kidney.

Neurogenic Bladder
Neurogenic bladder is abnormal bladder function caused by a nerve problem. The bladder may empty too often or at the wrong time ( Urinary Incontinence-Female ) or the bladder may be unable to completely empty the urine (urinary retention). In this case, urine may leak out of the overfilled bladder.

Urinary Tract Infections In Childhood
A urinary tract infection includes the bladder, urethra, and kidneys. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are easily treated, but can cause complications if left alone.