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Conditions Treated by Endocrinologists

Cushing's Syndrome
Cushing's syndrome is a hormonal disorder. It is caused by prolonged exposure to the hormone cortisol.

Hormones are chemicals in the body. Cortisol is a common hormone. In normal doses it helps the body manage stress and infection.

Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes complicates about 3%-5% of all pregnancies-affecting approximately 200,000 women each year in the US.

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that begins during pregnancy and usually resolves after the baby is born. According to the American Diabetes Association, women who already have a diagnosis of diabetes , prior to becoming pregnant, would not be classified as having gestational diabetes.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the body has too much thyroid hormone in the blood. Thyroid hormone is made by the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It produces the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which control metabolism. This affects:How many calories you burnHow warm you feelHow much you weighHow the body handles many other vital functions of the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems-Thyroid hormones directly affect the heart. If you have too much thyroid hormones in your blood, it will cause your heart to beat harder and faster.

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disorder caused by autoimmune distruction of the insulin secreting cells of the pancreas resulting in the body's inability to produce sufficient insulin to meet bodily needs. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that allows the body to use sugar for energy. Without insulin, glucose (sugar) from the carbohydrate food you eat cannot enter cells. This causes glucose to build up in the blood, leaving your body cells and tissues starved for energy. While a variety of tissue transplantation techniques are under development and some genetically-based treatments have been proposed, at this point in time, the only widely-available treatment for type 1 diabetes is the injection of insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes
Related Media: Diabetes - Your Management Plan

Type 2 Diabetes is primarily a disorder in which the cells in the body are not responding to the high levels of insulin circulating in the body. The body becomes increasingly resistant to insulin. In end-stage type 2 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are not producing enough insulin.

In Her Own Words: Living With Type 1 Diabetes

Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is a malignant growth of the cells that make up the thyroid.

The thyroid is an endocrine gland located in the lower neck. It is shaped a bit like a butterfly, with a thin central body (or isthmus) and two â??wingsâ? or lobes. Like all endocrine glands, the thyroid produces hormones-chemicals that circulate through the blood to direct functioning in other organs of the body. The thyroid is made up of two types of cells, follicular cells and C cells. The follicular cells produce thyroid hormone, which is involved in regulating body temperature, heart rate, and the body's use of energy. The C cells produce calcitonin, which is involved in the processing and use of calcium throughout the body.

The parathyroid glands are four small glands in the neck. They make parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH raises the level of calcium in the blood.

In hyperparathyroidism too much PTH is secreted. This causes high levels of calcium in the blood. High calcium is known as hypercalcemia. The condition is classified as being: Primary hyperparathyroidism-most common form, a benign tumor of the parathyroid gland makes too much PTH on its own Secondary hyperparathyroidism-occurs in patients with long-standing Kidney Failure or a vitamin D deficient state (very common) Tertiary hyperparathyroidism-also occurs in patients with very long-standing kidney failure, very often on dialysis

Diabetes Insipidus
There are two forms of diabetes insipidus (DI): Central diabetes insipidus (Central DI)-caused by inadequate antidiuretic hormone (ADH)Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI)-due to renal cells in the kidneys not responding to ADH

Adrenal Crisis
Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition in which the anterior pituitary gland does not make enough adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). ACTH is responsible for regulating the adrenal gland (a gland near the kidneys that makes hormones that regulate many important bodily functions).