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Conditions Treated by Family Practice Nurse Practitioners


Nosebleed
Nosebleed refers to blood flowing from the nose or nasal passage. There are two types of nosebleeds: Anterior nosebleed-blood coming from the front of the nose, usually the semi-rigid walls that separate the two nostrils. This is the most common type of nosebleed.Posterior nosebleed-bleeding starts deep within the nose. It is often more difficult to treat and more severe than an anterior nosebleed.

Insect Allergy
Allergies are abnormal or adverse reactions to a substance. Insect allergies are a reaction to insect stings or bites. It can also occur with exposure to such insects in an environment.

Hives
Hives are small, itchy, red swellings on the skin. The swelling occurs singularly or in clusters. Hives tend to fade after a few hours, but new ones can appear. Most cases go away within a few days. But, some last a few weeks or longer.

Groin Strain
A groin strain is a partial tear of the small fibers of the adductor muscles. The adductors are a group of three muscles located on the inner side of the thigh. They start in the groin area and run down the inner thigh to attach to the inner side of the knee.

Fracture
A fracture is a break in any bone in the body. Fractures are usually caused by trauma. This may be falls, twists, blows or collisions. There are different kinds of fracture:

Concussion
A concussion is a mild brain injury in which Trauma to the head results in a temporary disruption of normal brain function. The injury may involve subtle pulling, tugging, or shearing of brain cells without causing any obvious structural damage. After a concussion, the brain does not work right for a while. Loss of consciousness may or may not occur, but confusion or problems with awareness or memory are usually present. Three grades of concussions were developed by the Brain Injury Association and Academy of Neurology: Grade one-temporary confusion but conscious Symptoms usually clear up in less than 15 minutes. Grade two-confusion and amnesia but conscious Symptoms last for more than 15 minutes.Grade three-loss of consciousness for a few seconds or longer

Common Cold
The common cold is an infection that can irritate your upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).

Sore Throat Due to Inflammation

Bone Cancer
Bone cancer is a relatively rare disease in which cancer cells grow in the bone tissue. Cancer occurs when cells in the body (in this case bone cells) divide without control or order. Normally, cells divide in a regulated manner. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue forms, called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor does not invade or spread.

Cough
A cough is a sudden expulsion of air from the lungs. Its purpose is usually to clear secretions and inhaled foreign substances from the lungs and respiratory tract.

Burns
A burn is damage to the skin and sometimes to the underlying tissues. Burns are categorized according to the depth and extent of the damage to the skin: Superficial burn (also called first-degree burn) Mildest type of burnOften caused by ultraviolet light, or very short (“flash") flame exposureAffects only the outer layer of the skin (epidermis)Normally does not cause scarringTakes about 3-6 days to heal Superficial partial-thickness burn (also called second-degree burn) Often caused by a scald (spill or splash) or short (“flash”) flame exposureAffects the outer layer of the skin more deeply, usually causing blisteringMay or may not cause scarring, but often does cause long-term skin color changesTakes about 1-3 weeks to heal Deep partial-thickness burn (also called second-degree burn) Often caused by a scald (spill), may involve flame, oil, or greaseAffects the outer and underlying layer of skin (dermis), causing blisteringUsually causes scarringUsually takes more than three weeks to heal Full-thickness burn (also called third-degree burn) Very seriousOften caused by scald (immersion), may involve flame, steam, oil, grease, chemicals, or high-voltage electricityDamages all layers of the skin, and may involve the tissues underneath (muscle and bone)Causes scarringWill heal only at the wound edges by scarring, unless skin grafting is done



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