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Conditions Treated by Gynecologic Oncologists


Uterine Cancer
Uterine cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the uterus (womb).

The lower portion of the uterus, which is closest to the vagina, is called the cervix. When cancer develops in this portion, it is called Cervical Cancer.

Ovarian Cyst
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovary. During the menstrual cycle, it is normal for a cyst to develop. Most cysts are small and benign (not cancer) and go away on their own. Larger cysts can cause pain and other problems.

Cervical Dysplasia
Dysplasia is abnormal growth or development. In cervical dysplasia, it happens in the cells covering the surface of the cervix. In some cases this may be a precancerous change. If not treated, it may lead to Cervical Cancer.

Cervical Cancer
Cervical Cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the cervix. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus that connects the uterus with the vagina. It is the outlet of the uterus through which menses flow and babies are delivered. Normally, the cells of the cervix divide in a regulated manner. If cells keep dividing in an unregulated manner, a mass of tissue forms. This mass is called a tumor. A tumor can be benign or malignant. In the cervix, cancer can arise either from the squamous cells (squamous cell carcinoma) that line the outer surface of the cervix or the glandular cells that are found in the channel that connects to the rest of the womb (adenocarcinoma).

Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign growths that develop in the wall of the uterus, part of the female reproductive system, the organ where a fetus develops (also referred to as the womb). About 20%-30% of women of childbearing age-and possibly as many as half of all women-have fibroids. Many do not realize it, and do not develop symptoms until their late 30s or 40s.

Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian Cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female pelvis that produce eggs and female hormones.

Uterine Endometrial Cancer
Uterine cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the uterus (womb).

The uterus is a pear-shaped organ vital to child bearing. During a woman's fertile years, the uterus prepares each month to receive and nourish a fertilized egg. Hormonal changes direct the uterine lining to thicken. If no fertilized egg arrives, the uterus sheds the additional cells during menstruation. If the egg is fertilized, the developing fetus grows inside the uterus.

Vaginal Cancer
Vaginal cancer is an uncommon disease in which cancer cells grow from the cells of the vaginal lining. The vagina is a tube that connects the vulva (external female genitals) to the cervix (lower end of the uterus). The vagina is also called the â??birth canal.â?

Vaginismus
Vaginismus is an uncontrolled, involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the vagina. These spasms cause sexual intercourse to be painful. It is a complex disorder because it is both a psychological and physical condition.

Uveitis
Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea. The uvea is the middle layer of the eye (iris and surrounding tissue). It is between the retina and the white of the eye. Uveitis can be chronic (long-lasting) or acute (occurs suddenly). This is a potentially serious condition. It requires care from your doctor to prevent vision loss.