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Conditions Treated by Hand Surgeons


Wrist Sprain
A wrist sprain is stretching or tearing of the ligaments that support the wrist. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect bones to each other. Repetitive motion can also lead to these types of injuries.

Wrist Fracture
A wrist fracture is a break in one or more of the bones in the wrist. The wrist is made up of the two bones in the forearm (radius and ulna) and eight carpal bones. This fact sheet will focus on fractures of the carpal bones of the wrist. Wrist fractures of the radius, often called Colles' Fracture, can be found on a separate sheet.

Finger Sprain
A finger sprain is stretching or tearing of the ligaments that support the small joints of the finger. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect bones to each other.

Finger Fracture
A finger fracture is a break in any of the bones in a finger. Each finger consists of three bones called the phalanges. The thumb has only two phalanges.

Finger Dislocation
A finger dislocation occurs when the bones that normally fit are no longer aligned properly. This often also implies stretching or damage to the ligaments. Dislocation can happen in any of the joints in the fingers.

Trigger Finger
Tendons connect bones to muscles in the body. Flexor tendons of the thumb and fingers pull the fingers into a fist. The tendons are enclosed in a synovial sheath. When this sheath becomes inflammed it is called trigger finger.

Mutilating Hand Injuries
A mutilating hand injury is severe damage to the hand. The injury may include damage to bones, tendons, soft tissues, nerves, and skin. It is caused by a Trauma. It can become a life-threatening condition.

Boutonniere Deformity Of Finger
Boutonniere deformity (BD) affects the finger's system of tendons. The tendons allow you to flex and straighten you finger. If you have BD, you cannot straighten your finger.

Finger Extensor Tendon Injury
Tendons are responsible for connecting muscles to bone. The fingers have tendons that run from the forearm through the finger. The extensor tendons are located on the back of the hand and fingers. They enable you to open your hand and straighten your fingers. An extensor tendon injury is a cut or tear to one of these tendons. When they are damaged you can lose the ability to extend your hand and/or finger(s). Two common extensor injuries include:

Finger Flexor Tendon Injury
Tendons are responsible for connecting muscles to bone. The fingers have tendons that run all the way up to the finger tips. The tendons on the palm side enable you to curl (flex) your fingers. A flexor tendon injury is damage to these tendons. When the tendons are damaged you can lose your ability to bend your finger(s).