Diabetes Prevention: Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Biologically speaking, one of the reasons we eat is to get glucose. Cells use the hormone insulin to convert glucose into the energy we need to live.
In some cases, cells in the muscles, liver, and fat don't use insulin correctly. As a result, the pancreas can't produce enough insulin. The amount of glucose in the blood skyrockets, while the cells are starved of energy. When this happens, a person can be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Also called adult-onset and non-insulin dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the condition.
You're more at risk of type 2 diabetes if you're overweight and inactive, or if you have a family history of the disease. If you're over 60, the risk increases. Higher than normal blood glucose levels can lead to heart disease, stroke, blindness and kidney disease, but you can do a lot to lower your risk.
1. Include more walking and moderate exercise in your routine. Losing weight will help reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes. When you are overweight your body doesn't make and use insulin properly.
2. Make wise food choices to keep your calorie intake at a reasonable level. Don't be tempted to 'crash diet' to lose the pounds. Instead, limit your portion size and your fat intake and choose from healthy foods.
3. Control your blood pressure and cholesterol. Lowering the levels of salt in your diet will help you do this, as will decreasing your alcohol intake.