- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
What is Albinism?
Albinism refers to a group of rare inherited disorders that are present from birth. Albinism affects the amount of pigment found in the skin, hair, and eyes. People with albinism usually have little to no pigment in their eyes, skin, and hair, but the degree of pigment loss can be quite variable. There are four types of Albinism:
- Oculocutaneous albinism
- Type 1-complete absence of pigment. Skin, hair, and eyes lack all pigment from birth. Freckles or moles will not appear at any time during their lifetimes. This group is divided into several subtypes depending on associated characteristics.
- Type 2-decreased pigment, but may still have freckles and moles. This form of albinism is more common among persons of African descent. This form may be associated with such minimal pigment loss that it is evident only by comparison with other non-affected family members.
- Both Type 1 and Type 2 albinism are usually associated with visual problems including Nystagmus (abnormal jumping movements of the eyes) and decreased visual acuity, which is frequently not fully improved with glasses or contact lenses.
- Type 3-reddish brown skin, reddish hair and hazel or brown eyes, generally black South Africans.
- Type 4––similar to type 2, predominantly in Japanese persons.
- X-Linked albinism––vision problems without changes in skin or hair.
- Hermansky-Pudlak––in addition to albinism, persons also have lung, bowel, and bleeding problems.
- Chediak-Higashi––in addition to albinism, persons also have immune problems with defects in white blood cells.
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
What causes Albinism? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Are you at risk of getting Albinism? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
What are the Albinism symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Albinism.
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
How can you prevent Albinism? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Can this condition be treated? What Albinism treatment options are available?
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Find a Doctor
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