Aortic Stenosis Treatment
- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Treat Aortic Stenosis
If you have mild AS, your condition will be monitored, but may not need immediate treatment. If you have more severe AS, your doctor may advise you to avoid strenuous physical activity. If necessary, you may be given medications to help prevent heart failure.
Severe AS may require surgery. Options include:
A balloon device is passed through the arteries to open or enlarge the stenotic aortic valve. This may provide temporary relief of symptoms. However, since the valve can become blocked again, this treatment is not a permanent solution.
Aortic Valve Replacement
This is the surgical replacement of a defective heart valve. Currently, there are two types of replacement valves used:
- Bioprostheses-These valves are made from animals such as cows or pigs, and may last about 10-15 years. Blood-thinning medication is usually not needed with this type of valve.
- Mechanical prostheses-These synthetic valves are more durable, and may last for 20–40 years. However, you will be required to take blood-thinning medication for the rest of your life to prevent blood clots.
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