Atherosclerosis Treatment

Can this condition be treated? What Atherosclerosis treatment options are available? Learn more below about the current treatments available to patients.

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  • Screening
  • Medications
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Alternative Treatment
  • Care Guide
  • Questions for Your Doctor
  • When to Contact a Doctor
  • Find a Doctor
  • Resource Guide

How to Treat Atherosclerosis


An important part of treatment is reducing risk factors. To do so, see the steps in the prevention section below. Beyond that, treatment depends on the area of the body most affected.

Treatment may include:

Medications

These include:

  • Drugs to interfere with the formation of blood clots, such as aspirin or clopidogrel (Plavix)
  • Drugs to High Blood Pressure if elevated
  • Drugs to High Cholesterol if elevated
  • Drugs that improve the flow of blood through narrowed arteries, such as cilostazol (Pletal) or pentoxifylline (Trental)

Catheter-based Procedures

These procedures involve a thin tube, called a catheter. It is inserted into an artery. They are most often done for arteries in the heart. They may be used to treat atherosclerosis elsewhere in the body as well. These procedures include:

  • Balloon angioplasty -a balloon-tipped catheter is used to press plaque against the walls of the arteries. This increases the amount of space for the blood to flow.
  • Stenting-usually done after angioplasty. A wire mesh tube is placed in a damaged artery. It will support the arterial walls and keep them open.
  • Atherectomy -instruments are inserted via a catheter. They are used to cut away and remove plaque so that blood can flow more easily. This procedure is not done often these days.

Surgery

Surgical options include:

  • Endarterectomy -removal of the lining of an artery obstructed with large plaques. This is often done in carotid arteries of the neck. These arteries bring blood to the brain.
  • Arterioplasty- repair of an aneurysm. It is usually done with synthetic tissue.
  • Bypass -creation of an alternate route for blood flow. The procedure uses a separate vessel for blood to flow.



Learn

Learn what Atherosclerosis is
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
Atherosclerosis Causes
Causes
What causes Atherosclerosis? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Atherosclerosis Risk Factors
Risk Factors
Are you at risk of getting Atherosclerosis? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
Atherosclerosis Diagnosis
Diagnosis
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
Atherosclerosis Symptoms
Symptoms
What are the Atherosclerosis symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Atherosclerosis Complications
Complications
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.

Take Action

Screening for Atherosclerosis
Screening
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis Medications
Medications
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
Atherosclerosis Prevention
Prevention
How can you prevent Atherosclerosis? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Atherosclerosis Treatment
Treatment
Can this condition be treated? What Atherosclerosis treatment options are available?
Atherosclerosis Care
Care
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Atherosclerosis Doctors
Find a Doctor
Do you need to contact a doctor about Atherosclerosis? Select a location to find a specialist in your area.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO