- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
How to Diagnose Cirrhosis
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Up to 60% of patients with cirrhosis have no symptoms. The symptoms of cirrhosis include:
- Gastrointestinal: lack of appetite, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
- Muscle weakness
- Disturbed sleep
- Weight loss
- Muscle cramps
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of libido
- Slurring of speech
- Severe itch
Signs associated with cirrhosis include:
- Yellow skin or eyeballs
- Dilated abdomen
- Breast in men
- Bronze appearance
- Small testicles
- Swelling in legs
- Sweet and strong breath odor
Other tests to confirm the diagnosis may include.
Blood Tests-There is no blood test to diagnose cirrhosis. Blood tests can only detect signs of liver function problems, such as:
- Elevated liver enzymes asparate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) alkaline phosphatase, g-glutamyltransferase (GGT)(an indicator of liver damage)
- Elevated bilirubin (the pigment that produces jaundice and is usually cleared from the body by the liver)
- Low serum albumin (a protein made by the liver)
- Blood clotting abnormalities detected by measuring the prothrombin time
Special tests are ordered to confirm various causative factors including tests for:
- Viral hepatitis B and C serologies
- Autoimmune hepatitis with antinuclear antibodies or anti-smooth muscle antibody
- Hemochromatosis with transferring saturation, unsaturated iron-binding capacity, ferrtin
- Wilson's disease with serum copper and ceruloplasmin
- Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency with serum alpha 1 antitrypsin plus genetic screening
- Primary billary cirrhosis with antimitochondrial antibody
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
Imaging Tests -These tests help the physician visualize the liver in various ways to determine whether the size and shape are normal or if the liver shows any signs of cirrhosis. Imaging tests may include:
- CT Scan-a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of the liver
- Ultrasound-a test that uses echoes of ultrasound waves to examine internal organs.
- Liver/Spleen Scan
- Abdominal X-ray-a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)-test that provides detailed inmages of internal organs
Laparoscopy -A tube with a tiny video camera mounted on it is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen. It relays pictures back to a computer screen. This also allows the doctor to see the liver and determine whether the size and shape appear normal.
Liver Biopsy -This is the only definite way to diagnose cirrhosis. A needle is used to obtain a small sample of tissue from the liver. The tissue sample is then examined under a microscope to determine whether it shows scarring or other signs of disease.
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
What causes Cirrhosis? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Are you at risk of getting Cirrhosis? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
What are the Cirrhosis symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Cirrhosis.
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
How can you prevent Cirrhosis? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Can this condition be treated? What Cirrhosis treatment options are available?
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Find a Doctor
Do you need to contact a doctor about Cirrhosis? Select a location to find a specialist in your area.