Coronary Artery Disease CAD Prevention

Is it possible to prevent Coronary Artery Disease CAD? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods in the condition center at ThirdAge.com.

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How to Prevent Coronary Artery Disease CAD


You can reduce your risk of Angina and Coronary Artery Disease by making certain lifestyle changes. These include:

Lose Excess Weight

Excess weight puts a strain on the heart muscle, which eventually can lead to angina and CAD. If you are overweight or Overweight , adopt a sensible eating plan and exercise regularly to lose weight gradually, and maintain your weight at the desired level.

Quit Smoking

Tobacco Use Disorder damages your blood vessels, reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood, and forces your heart to work harder. Discuss with your doctor the best way to help you quit smoking.

Limit Alcohol Intake

Alcohol should be limited to no more then 1 to 2 ounces a day. In this quantity, alcohol may have a beneficial effect on raising your good cholesterol (HDL).

Limit Fat and Cholesterol

Diets that are high in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol increase your risk of CAD. Saturated fat and cholesterol are found in animal products, most dairy products (such as milk, cream, and cheese), lard, and palm and coconut oils, among other foods. Trans fat is found in margarine and vegetable shortening, as well as foods containing these products. A registered dietitian can help you reduce saturated fats and cholesterol in your diet. Good dietary choices include fresh fruits and vegetable, as well as lean meats and fish-particularly fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon.

Talk to Your Doctor About Taking Medicine

Taking a low-dose aspirin every day may help to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. Most people are able to tolerate aspirin. But, in rare cases, even small amounts can lead to serious bleeding, particularly from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Also, aspirin may not work as well when combined with other pain medicines. Talk to your doctor about whether daily aspirin therapy is right for you.

Another option is to take statin drugs. Statins are used to treat High Cholesterol. But, some statins can be used even if you do not have cholesterol problems. If you are a man over age 50 or a women over age 60 with certain risk factors (eg, elevated C-reactive protein, High Blood Pressure, low HDL "good" cholesterol, smoking), your doctor may recommend that you take rosuvastatin to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Control Blood Glucose Levels If You have Diabetes

People who have diabetes may reduce their risk of Heart Attack or other cardiac events if they maintain their blood glucose near normal levels. There are many other proven health benefits to maintaining tight control of blood glucose. If you have diabetes, talk to your doctor about ways to manage your blood sugar.

Maintain Normal Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure (hypertension) is one of the most critical risk factors for angina and coronary artery disease. Hypertension causes the heart muscles to work harder; the increased strain on the heart can lead to heart failure. Discuss with your doctor the best way to reach and maintain a healthy blood pressure, which involves diet, weight and exercise controls, and possibly medicine.

Exercise Regularly

For people who have not yet developed CAD, regular aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking or using a stationary bike or treadmill, is recommended. Exercise will strengthen the heart muscle and can help lower blood pressure. Exercise is recommended in moderation (at least 3-4 times a week for 30 minutes). However, if you already have CAD, talk to your doctor before starting any new exercise program.

Learn to Conquer Stress

Emotional stress may bring on anginal pain. Think about what you can do in your life to cut down on stressful activities and situations. Consider learning meditation, progressive relaxation, or other techniques that you can use when you feel stressed. Try to work in an afternoon nap, since rest seems to be protective against both angina and stress.

When to Contact Your Doctor

There are some common warning signs that may signal angina and CAD. Contact your healthcare provider if you notice any of these symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath out of proportion to exercise or exertion
  • Increased fatigue



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Learn what Coronary Artery Disease CAD is
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Causes
Causes
What causes Coronary Artery Disease CAD? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Risk Factors
Risk Factors
Are you at risk of getting Coronary Artery Disease CAD? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Diagnosis
Diagnosis
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Symptoms
Symptoms
What are the Coronary Artery Disease CAD symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Complications
Complications
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.

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Screening for Coronary Artery Disease CAD
Screening
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Coronary Artery Disease CAD.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Medications
Medications
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Prevention
Prevention
How can you prevent Coronary Artery Disease CAD? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Treatment
Treatment
Can this condition be treated? What Coronary Artery Disease CAD treatment options are available?
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Care
Care
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Coronary Artery Disease CAD Doctors
Find a Doctor
Do you need to contact a doctor about Coronary Artery Disease CAD? Select a location to find a specialist in your area.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO