Gallstones Risk Factors
- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop Gallstones with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing gallstones. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor about what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors include:
Higher Estrogen Levels
Estrogne is a hormone that is naturally higher in women. This is why women tend to get gallstones more frequently than men. Estrogen levels can also be increased with:
- Oral contraceptives
- Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy
As you get older, usually 40 and over, your risk of gallstones increases.
Obesity and Diet
Having mainly abdominal fat appears to raise your risk of getting gallstones. Being even moderately overweight increases cholesterol in your bile, which may easily form gallstones.
In addition, rapid weight loss or fluctuating weight can increase your risk because low-calorie diets cause the gallbladder to contract less. People who have had gastric-bypass surgery to lose weight quickly also have an increased risk for gallstones.
Lack of Physical Activity
Lack of exercise is associated with a higher risk of developing gallstones. This may be due to fewer contractions of the gallbladder.
Family History of Gallstones
Like many other conditions, gallstones tend to run in families.
Native Americans, Hispanic, and those of northern European descent develop gallstones more frequently than any other ethnicity in the US. Gallstones occur less frequently among Asians and African-Americans.
Diseases of the Small Intestines
Diseases associated with gallstones include:
Long-term IV Nutrition (Total Parenteral Nutrition)
With some medical care it is necessary to provide nutrition through the veins. The intestines are bypassed and the gallbladder is less stimulated since there is no food to process. This increases your risk of gallstones.
Certain drugs are associated with an increased risk of developing gallstones, including:
- Somastatin (eg Octreotide )