- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Prevent Gout
There are a number of measures that will help prevent gout from developing or prevent recurrence of gout attacks.
Avoid foods high in purines. Drink plenty of fluids. Lose weight (if necessary) and maintain an appropriate weight.
Avoid Food High in Purines
Gout pain is caused by glass-like crystals of uric acid that build-up in your joints. Uric acid is a by-product of the breakdown of waste products called purines. Therefore, one of the main treatments for gout is to avoid foods and beverages that are high in purines. These include:
- Organ meats, such as:
- Fish roe
- Legumes, such as:
- Dried beans
- Meat extracts
- Alcoholic beverages, especially:
- Beer and wine
- Binge drinking of any type of alcoholic beverage
The severity of gout varies from person to person. Talk with your doctor about how strict your diet should be for your individual situation.
Drink Plenty of Fluids
Fluids help flush uric acid from the body, so drinking lots of fluids can help control and prevent recurrence of gout attacks.
Lose Weight and Maintain an Appropriate Weight
Losing weight can help lower uric acid levels. If you are overweight, losing weight should help reduce your symptoms and prevent future gout attacks. However, do not go on a crash diet because this can make your gout worse. Consult your doctor for help designing a safe and effective weight loss program that includes:
- Setting a proper weight loss goal
- An appropriate diet to both lose weight and maintain a proper weight. For more information on achieving and maintaining a healthful weight, click here.
- A regular exercise program. For more information on starting a regular exercise program, click here.