Hepatitis B Prevention
- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Prevent Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B can be prevented with a vaccination. It consists of three injections. They are given over six months. Protection is not complete without all three. Anyone at increased risk for hepatitis B should be vaccinated.
In addition, to prevent the transmission of hepatitis B:
- Use condoms or abstain from sex.
- Limit your number of sexual partners.
- Do not inject drugs. If you use IV drugs, get treatment to help you Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction. Never share needles or syringes.
- Do not share personal items that might have blood on them, such as:
- Manicuring tools
- Pierced earrings
- If you get a tattoo or body piercing, make sure the artist or piercer properly sterilizes the equipment. You might get infected if the tools have someone else's blood on them.
- If you are a healthcare or public safety worker:
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis B.
- Always follow routine barrier precautions and safely handle needles and other sharp instruments.
- Wear gloves when touching or cleaning up body fluids on personal items, such as:
- Cover open cuts or wounds.
- If you are pregnant, have a blood test for hepatitis B. Infants born to mothers with hepatitis B should be treated within 12 hours after birth.