- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Treat Miscarriage
Immediate care usually involves observation only, especially in early or first trimester miscarriages. Medication may be indicated in the event of heavy bleeding or cramping. A dilation and evacuation (D&E) may be needed if all uterine contents are not spontaneously expelled. During a D&E, the doctor dilates the cervix, inserts a tool into the uterus, and suctions out remaining material.
You may need professional counseling to recover emotionally from the loss.
The goal of long-term treatment is to prevent future miscarriages. This is geared toward whatever caused past losses.
Medications to decrease the chance of miscarriage may include:
- Antibiotics for infection
- Progesterone supplements (if this hormone is below normal levels)
- Aspirin and other medications to treat blood-clotting problems
Many uterine physical abnormalities can be corrected to decrease the chance of another miscarriage. If the cervix is weak, the doctor can place a stitch (called a cerclage), usually at the beginning of the second trimester of the next pregnancy, to keep it closed until you are ready to deliver. If fibroids are a contributing factor, removing them may prevent another loss.
Talking with a professional counselor often helps women deal with their loss. Some people benefit from participating in a support group.
If you are diagnosed with a miscarriage, follow your doctor's instructions.