Multiple Sclerosis MS Diagnosis

How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, exams, processes, and other information relating to the diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis MS below.

How to Diagnose Multiple Sclerosis MS


At this time, there isn't one specific test that can diagnose MS. According to the Columbia University Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Care & Research Center in New York, the diagnosis of MS requires several different types of screening. The Multiple Sclerosis Foundation (MSF) estimates that in the hands of experts, diagnosis of the condition is correct 90 to 95 percent of the time.

The following are the main procedures used in the diagnosis process:

  • Physical examination. One of the first steps in diagnosing MS is a thorough physical exam, including a discussion with the doctor of your symptoms and medical history.
  • Neurological examination: A neurologist examines the function of the cranial nerves that control your senses (sight, taste, and hearing) as well as motor movement (including the movement of your eyes and the muscles involved in speech).
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This non-invasive test takes pictures of your brain and spinal cord and detects any lesions areas of inflammation that can be signs of MS.. Five percent of people with MS do not have abnormalities detected on a MRI. That's why a 'negative' scan won't completely rule out MS. Boomers beware - , some common changes of aging may look like MS on a MRI.
  • Visual Evoked Potentials (VEP): This procedure records your nervous system's response to electric or visual situmulation. Subsequent tests can tell doctors if myelin has been damaged.
  • Lumbar Puncture. Also known as a spinal tap, it tests your spinal fluid for signs of MS.
  • Blood Analyses: Laboratory blood tests can help rule out other possible


  • Learn

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    Diagnosis
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    What are the Multiple Sclerosis MS symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
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    Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.

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    Screening for Multiple Sclerosis MS
    Screening
    Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Multiple Sclerosis MS.
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    Medications
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    How can you prevent Multiple Sclerosis MS? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
    Multiple Sclerosis MS Treatment
    Treatment
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    Care
    Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
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    Find a Doctor
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    Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO