Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia Treatment

Can this condition be treated? What Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia treatment options are available? Learn more below about the current treatments available to patients.

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How to Treat Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia


Treatment for PVST involves stopping the electrical impulses causing the attacks. This can be attempted manually by your doctor using several techniques, including a guided breathing exercise called the Valsalva maneuver or carotid sinus massage. With the latter technique, the doctor applies pressure to the carotid artery in the neck for a few seconds, to reset the electrical signals, and return the heart rhythm to normal. The doctor may teach you to do these procedures to do yourself to terminate the episodes.

If manual methods fail, additional options include:

Pharmacological Methods

For people who have numerous attacks, there are drugs available that can slow the conduction of electrical signals. These include:

  • Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Calan) or diltiazem (Cardizem)
  • Digoxin
  • Beta-blockers such as atenolol or metoprolol (Lopressor)
  • Antiarrhythmic medications

Surgery

A surgical procedure, known as ablation , may be necessary if attacks are frequent or the patient does not want to take medications. In this therapy, the abnormal portion of cardiac tissue causing the arrhythmia is identified and destroyed. This procedure is done in conjunction with an electrophysiology study.


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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO