- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Prevent Plague
Antibiotics may prevent infection following close contact with someone who has the disease. The drugs should be taken daily while in contact, and for seven days after the last exposure. In addition, the caregiver and patient should wear masks.
Antibiotics may be ordered in the event of a terrorism exposure. People may be placed on the drugs after developing a cough. There would be no warning systems to alert authorities that plague bacteria had been released. The success of an attack would depend on the bacteria's quality and strain, the way it was produced, and weather conditions at the time of release. A vaccine does not exist for pneumonic plague.
Measures to prevent naturally-occurring plague include:
- Do not touch dead rodents or sick cats.
- Use insecticides around the house.
- Eliminate rat habitats near the house.
- Do not allow dogs or cats to roam in areas where plague is common.