Smallpox Prevention

Is it possible to prevent Smallpox? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods in the condition center at


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  • Screening
  • Medications
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Alternative Treatment
  • Care Guide
  • Questions for Your Doctor
  • When to Contact a Doctor
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  • Resource Guide

How to Prevent Smallpox

Many people were immunized prior to 1972. That protection has likely worn off or decreased. Routine vaccination is not recommended in the US.

An emergency supply of the vaccine is kept. A vaccination within four days of exposure may prevent the disease. It can also make symptoms less severe. Anyone in close contact with a patient after the fever has started should receive the vaccine. Medical and emergency personnel also should be given the vaccine.

Two weeks or more could elapse before the first symptoms occur. The success of an attack would depend on the dose that was inhaled. Experts predict most of the released viruses could live in dry, cool air, without sunlight, for up to a day. Each person infected would likely pass the disease to 10 to 20 other people. Those people, in turn, could spread it to others. The fatality rate in naturally occurring smallpox is 30% or higher.


Learn what Smallpox is
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
Smallpox Causes
What causes Smallpox? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Smallpox Risk Factors
Risk Factors
Are you at risk of getting Smallpox? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
Smallpox Diagnosis
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
Smallpox Symptoms
What are the Smallpox symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Smallpox Complications
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.

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Screening for Smallpox
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Smallpox.
Smallpox Medications
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
Smallpox Prevention
How can you prevent Smallpox? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Smallpox Treatment
Can this condition be treated? What Smallpox treatment options are available?
Smallpox Care
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Smallpox Doctors
Find a Doctor
Do you need to contact a doctor about Smallpox? Select a location to find a specialist in your area.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO