- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
- Alternative Treatment
- Care Guide
- Questions for Your Doctor
- When to Contact a Doctor
- Find a Doctor
- Resource Guide
How to Treat Smallpox
No effective treatment for smallpox currently exists. Doctors can offer supportive care. Steps will be taken to prevent spread to others.
Fluids are given. The skin is kept clean. Medications can help control fever and pain. Antibiotics do not work against viruses. They may be given if other infections develop.
Public Health Measures
Cases are reported to public health officials. A person infected with smallpox should be kept isolated. This will help prevent the spread of infection.
In most cases, family members would provide care at home. Caregivers should:
- Be vaccinated
- Wear a mask, gloves, goggles, and a gown
- Disinfect clothing, bed linens, and surfaces
Patients in the hospital will be placed in a special room. In some cases, forced quarantine may be necessary.