What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
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Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Definition
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, fatal, degenerative brain disorder characterized by rapidly progressive Dementia.
CJD can be categorized into different subtypes:
- Sporadic (classical) CJD-most common type; usually affects people age 50 and older
- Familial CJD-an inherited form of the disease
- Iatrogenic CJD-contracted through medical procedures, such as injections of growth hormone or receipt of corneal transplants or dura mater implants from affected donors
- Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease -relatively new form of CJD. It is caused by eating contaminated beef products, which may cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). BSE is commonly known as mad cow disease. nvCJD differs from other forms of CJD because it affects younger people and has a longer average time course.
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