What is Dementia

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Dementia Definition


Dementia is the name given to a group of disorders of the brain. They progressively damage the ability of the brain to function normally. In order to be diagnosed with dementia, there must be:

  • A disturbance in memory
  • A decline in one or more cognitive domains that cause functional impairment in:
    • Language
    • Visuospatial function
    • Executive function (foresight, planning, anticipation, insight)
    • Praxis (learned motor skills)

Some Areas of the Brain Affected by Dementia

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