What is Insomnia
- What It Is
- Risk Factors
- Living With
- User Questions
Insomnia is defined as inadequate or poor-quality sleep. Types of insomnia include:
- Transient insomnia- lasts from one night to a few weeks
- Intermittent insomnia-happens from time to time
- Chronic insomnia-happens on most nights and lasts a month or more
Insomnia may take the form of difficulty falling asleep, or middle-of-the-night or early-morning awakening.
Over the course of a year about one third of adults experience some level of insomnia, and 10%-15% have more severe or chronic insomnia. Insomnia may cause problems during the day, such as tiredness, a lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, and irritability. Insomnia is not a disease. Instead, it is a result of a behavior or a symptom of an underlying mental or physical problem. There are many causes of insomnia.
Transient and intermittent insomnia generally occur in people who are temporarily experiencing one or more of the following:
- A life crisis or stress
- A change in the sleep environment, including factors such as noise, light, or temperature
- Sleep/wake schedule problems, such as those due to jet lag or temporary shift work
- Side effects of medication
Chronic insomnia often results from a combination of factors. Medical conditions or factors that may disrupt sleep include:
- Manic Disorders
- Stress in relationships
- Conditions that cause chronic pain
- Kidney disease
- Heart Failure
- Sleep Apnea
- Restless Legs Syndrome
- Parkinson's Disease
- Dementia or Alzheimer's Disease
- Sickle Cell Anemia
Chronic insomnia may also be due to behavioral factors. These include:
- Misuse of Tobacco Use Disorder , caffeine, Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism , or other substances
- Disrupted sleep/wake cycles from shift work or other nighttime activity schedules
- Chronic stress
For some people, insomnia is aggravated by:
- Changes in time zone after a long flight (√Ę‚?¨ň?Jet Lag')
- Expecting to have difficulty sleeping and worrying about it
- Excessive napping in the afternoon or evening
What It Is
Learn the basics of this condition. Find out what you're dealing with.
What causes Insomnia? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Are you at risk of getting Insomnia? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
What are the Insomnia symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Insomnia.
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
How can you prevent Insomnia? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Can this condition be treated? What Insomnia treatment options are available?
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Find a Doctor
Do you need to contact a doctor about Insomnia? Select a location to find a specialist in your area.
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