What is Intellectual Disability

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Intellectual Disability Definition

Intellectual disability, also referred to as mental retardation, is a disability that begins in childhood. People with intellectual disability have limitations in their mental functioning seen in below-average intelligence (IQ) tests and in their ability to communicate, socialize, and take care of their everyday needs. The degree of disability can vary greatly from person to person and be categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound.

Some cases of intellectual disability can be prevented with proper medical care. Children diagnosed with an intellectual disability are most successful when they get help early in life. If you suspect that your child may have an intellectual disability, contact your doctor.


Learn what Intellectual Disability is
What It Is
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Intellectual Disability Causes
What causes Intellectual Disability? Learn what the medical community has uncovered.
Intellectual Disability Risk Factors
Risk Factors
Are you at risk of getting Intellectual Disability? Inside you'll find known risk factors for the condition.
Intellectual Disability Diagnosis
How will your doctor diagnose you with this condition? Learn about the tests, process, and more.
Intellectual Disability Symptoms
What are the Intellectual Disability symptoms? Are you showing any? Learn more today.
Intellectual Disability Complications
Can this condition lead to other health problems? Learn more about the known complications.

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Screening for Intellectual Disability
Learn more about the specific tests or exams given by your doctor to screen for Intellectual Disability.
Intellectual Disability Medications
What medications offer relief or help with this condition? Are there side effects? Risks? Learn more.
Intellectual Disability Prevention
How can you prevent Intellectual Disability? Read what the medical community suggests for prevention methods.
Intellectual Disability Treatment
Can this condition be treated? What Intellectual Disability treatment options are available?
Intellectual Disability Care
Learn more about the day to day care of this condition. Changes to your activity, diet, exercise, and more.
Intellectual Disability Doctors
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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO