Needle Biopsy Thyroid Care

Learn what care is required for the Needle Biopsy Thyroid procedure. Find out what you need to do prior to the procedure, how long it will take, if you will be required to stay in the hospital and what the postoperative care is.

Needle Biopsy Thyroid Details

Alternate Names for Needle Biopsy Thyroid:
Needle biopsy, thyroid
Needle biopsy: thyroid

What to Expect Prior to Procedure

In the days leading up to your procedure, you will need to:

  • Have blood tests
  • Talk to your doctor about your medical history, including:
    • Any allergies
    • Any medicines that you take-You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
      • Anti-inflammatory drugs (eg, aspirin )
      • Blood thinners, like clopidogrel (Plavix) or warfarin (Coumadin)
  • Arrange for a ride home from the care center.


Local anesthesia is used-just the area that is being operated on is numbed. It is given as an injection. You may also be given a sedative.

Description of the Procedure

There are two types of biopsies:

  • Fine-needle aspiration (FNA)-most common
  • Coarse-needle biopsy (CNB)

You will be asked to lie on your back. A pillow will be placed under your shoulders. Your neck will be extended. The site of the biopsy will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution. For an FNA, your doctor will insert a tiny hollow needle into the nodule to collect a sample of tissue. For a CNB, your doctor will make a small cut in the skin. The needle will be inserted through the incision and into the thyroid to collect a sample. The process may need to be repeated several times. After the procedure, pressure will be applied to the biopsy site. A bandage will be applied.

How Long Will It Take?

About 10-30 minutes (plus 30 minutes in the recovery room)

Will It Hurt?

You may feel soreness at the biopsy site for 1-2 days.

Post-procedure Care

When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • If you had FNA, remove the bandage within a few hours. If you had CNB, remove the bandage in a few days.
  • Avoid vigorous physical activity for 24 hours.
  • Return to normal activities.
  • Take pain medicine (eg, Tylenol ) for any discomfort.
  • Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.


Learn what Needle Biopsy Thyroid is
What Is
Learn what the procedure is. Find out how it is performed.
Reasons For Needle Biopsy Thyroid
Reasons For
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Needle Biopsy Thyroid Complications
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
Needle Biopsy Thyroid Details
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
Needle Biopsy Thyroid Results
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
When to Contact Doctor about Needle Biopsy Thyroid
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO