Prostate Biopsy Care

Learn what care is required for the Prostate Biopsy procedure. Find out what you need to do prior to the procedure, how long it will take, if you will be required to stay in the hospital and what the postoperative care is.

Prostate Biopsy Details


Alternate Names for Prostate Biopsy:
Biopsy, prostate

What to Expect Prior to Procedure

You may be asked to do the following:

  • Talk to your doctor about your medicines. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs (eg, aspirin )
    • Blood thinners, such as clopidogrel (Plavix) or warfarin (Coumadin)
  • Begin taking an antibiotic if advised by your doctor.
  • Use an enema several hours before the procedure.
  • If you will be getting general anesthesia, do not eat or drink anything after midnight.

Anesthesia

This depends on the method that your doctor uses:

  • Transurethral biopsy and perineal biopsy:
    • General anesthesia -blocks pain and keeps you asleep through the surgery, given through an IV in your hand or arm
    • Local anesthesia-just the area that is being operated on is numbed, given as an injection and may also be given with a sedative
  • Transrectal prostate biopsy-local anesthesia

Description of the Procedure

Your doctor will use one of the following methods to do the biopsy:

  • Transrectal biopsy (most common method)-Your doctor will insert a small ultrasound device into the rectum. This device will emit sound waves to produce an image of the prostate. These images will help guide placement of the needle. Your doctor will then insert the needle through the wall of your rectum and into the prostate gland.
  • Transurethral biopsy-Your doctor will insert a lighted flexible tube through the penis into the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the bladder. Your doctor will get the biopsy with a cutting loop that is passed through the flexible tube.
  • Perineal biopsy-Your doctor will make a small incision in the perineum. The perineum is the area between the scrotum and the rectum. The doctor will insert a small needle into the prostate gland to get the biopsy.

How Long Will It Take?

About 30 minutes

Will It Hurt?

You may have discomfort and soreness at the biopsy site.

Postoperative Care

When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids for the next few days.
  • Avoid strenuous activity the day and evening of the procedure.
  • Keep in mind that you may see blood in your urine, stool, or ejaculate for several days.
  • Ask your doctor when you can resume taking your blood-thinning medicine.
  • Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions .

Once the sample is taken, it will be sent to a pathologist. This doctor will analyze the sample for cancer. If cancer is present, your doctor will work with you to develop a treatment plan.


Learn

Learn what Prostate Biopsy is
What Is
Learn what the procedure is. Find out how it is performed.
Reasons For Prostate Biopsy
Reasons For
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Prostate Biopsy Complications
Complications
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
Prostate Biopsy Details
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
Prostate Biopsy Results
Results
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
When to Contact Doctor about Prostate Biopsy
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO