Foot Amputation Care
Foot Amputation Details
Alternate Names for Foot Amputation:
Before the surgery, your doctor may do some of the following:
- Blood tests
- X-ray of toe and foot
- Bone scan to see if the bone is infected
- Tests to evaluate blood circulation and help the doctor determine how much of the foot or toe needs to be amputated
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs (may need to stop up to one week before)
Blood-thinning medicines, such as:
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
- Ticlopidine (Ticlid)
In the days leading up to your surgery:
- Arrange for a ride to and from the hospital.
- Arrange for help at home after the surgery.
- The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- You may be asked to shower the morning of your procedure. You may be asked to use a special antibacterial soap.
Based on your surgery and general health, you may have:
- General anesthesia -You will be asleep.
- Local anesthesia-The area that is being operated on will be numbed.
- Spinal anesthesia -Medicine is delivered to the spine to numb the lower body.
You will be given IV fluids and antibiotics. Your foot will be washed with an antibacterial solution. The surgeon will make an incision into the skin around the area. The blood vessels will be tied off or sealed with an electrical current. This will prevent bleeding. The involved bones will be removed.
The ends of the remaining bone(s) will be smoothed. The remaining skin and muscle will be pulled over the open area. It will be closed with stitches. A sterile dressing will then be placed over the incision.
If there is an active infection, tubes may be left in place to allow fluids to drain. In some cases, the skin will not be closed but will instead be packed with a moist dressing.
You will be taken to a recovery room. There, you will be monitored for any negative effects from the surgery or anesthesia. You will be given pain medicine. You may also receive antibiotic medicines.How Long Will It Take?
20-60 minutesHow Much Will It Hurt?
Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. The area will be painful after the surgery. You will be given medicine to help control the pain.Average Hospital Stay
The usual length of stay is 2-7 days. Your doctor may choose to keep you longer if complications arise.Post-procedure Care At the Hospital
- Your foot will be kept elevated.
- The toe or foot will be wrapped with a bulky dressing. This will protect it from injury.
- You will be encouraged to get up and begin walking as soon as the wound allows.
- A physical therapist will likely assist you in walking at first.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
- You may need to wear a cast, a special postoperative shoe, or a regular shoe with the foot box removed until the stitches are taken out. Stitches will be removed in about three weeks.
- You may be advised to begin an exercise, physical therapy, or rehabilitation program.
- If you are a smoker, you should quit .
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions about activity and medicines.
Learn what the procedure is. Find out how it is performed.
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.