Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism Care

Learn what care is required for the Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism procedure. Find out what you need to do prior to the procedure, how long it will take, if you will be required to stay in the hospital and what the postoperative care is.

Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism Details


Alternate Names for Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism:
Radioiodine treatment for hyperthyroidism

What to Expect Prior to Procedure
  • If advised by your doctor, eat a special diet. Your doctor may want you on a special low iodine diet prior to the procedure. This may help your procedure to be more successful.
  • Talk to your doctor about your medicines. Some thyroid hormone medicine should be discontinued four weeks before the procedure. Other medicines used to treat hyperthyroidism (eg, propothyouracil , methimazole ) should be discontinued 5-7 days before the procedure.
  • For two hours before the procedure, do not eat or drink anything. Water may be allowed.
  • If you are a woman of childbearing age, the doctor will do a pregnancy test.
  • A thyroid uptake and scan may be done before the treatment.
Description of the Procedure

You will be given some tablets that contain radioactive iodine. You will swallow the tablets. The iodine will be naturally taken up by the thyroid.

How Long Will It Take?

At least an hour

Will It Hurt?

The treatment is painless.

Postoperative Care

Any radioactive iodine that is not taken up directly by the thyroid will be passed through the urine. Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions , which may include:

  • Do not eat any solid foods for at least two hours following the treatment. Drink a lot of clear liquids (water or juice).
  • For the first 8-12 hours following treatment, use the bathroom every hour. This will help flush the excess iodine from your body.
  • Limit your contact with others. Do not enter a room with any infants or children in it. Stay at least three feet away from other adults. Do not stay near any other adult for more than a few minutes. Do not share a bed with anyone for 48 hours following the treatment.
  • Do not share any food, drink, or dishes with anyone for the first week. Do not allow your saliva to come into contact with anyone. Avoid kissing and sexual contact.
  • Flush the toilet twice after use.
  • Wash hands often and thoroughly.
  • Resume normal thyroid medicines 48 hours after the treatment.

The majority of people who undergo the treatment will have their thyroid levels return to normal within 8-12 weeks. However, in a small number of patients, a second dose of radioactive iodine treatment is needed.

A follow-up visit with your doctor will be scheduled 4-6 weeks after treatment. Radioactive active iodine treatment can cause hypothyroidism (low thyroid function). This can occur at any time after treatment. Your doctor will need to check your thyroid status every few months until levels are stable.


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What Is
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Reasons For Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism
Reasons For
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism Complications
Complications
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism Details
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism Results
Results
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
When to Contact Doctor about Radioactive Iodine Treatment For Hyperthyroidism
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.

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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright ©2014 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved. Source: EBSCO