Gallbladder Removal - Laparscopic Care
Gallbladder Removal - Laparscopic Details
Alternate Names for Gallbladder Removal - Laparscopic:
Cholecystectomy - laparoscopic
Your doctor will probably do some or all of the following:
- Blood tests to evaluate liver function
- Ultrasound to visualize gallstones
- HIDA scan-an x-ray test that uses a chemical injected into the gallbladder to create pictures the gallbladder and surrounding area
- EKG and chest x-ray - to make sure that the heart and lungs are healthy enough for surgery
- Other radiological scans
Leading up to your procedure:
Talk to your doctor about your current medicines. Certain medicines may need to be stopped before the procedure, such as:
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs for up to one week before surgery
- Blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin)
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Arrange for a ride to and from the procedure. Also, have someone help you at home.
- The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
You may be given:
- Laxatives and/or an enema
- If instructed, shower before the procedure.
General anesthesia will be used. You will be asleep for the procedure.Description of Procedure
Four small openings will be made in your abdomen. Carbon dioxide will be pumped in to the abdomen to provide a better view.
The laparoscope will be inserted through one of the openings. It will provide images of the gallbladder and surrounding area. Instruments will be inserted through the small openings. They will be used to grasp the gallbladder and clip off the main artery and duct. The gallbladder will be removed through one of the small openings. Dye may be injected into the duct to look for stones. The entire abdomen will be carefully examined. The incisions will be closed with sutures or staples. They will be covered with bandages.
Your doctor may place a tiny, flexible tube into the area. This tube will exit from your abdomen into a little bulb. This is to drain fluid. The tube is usually removed within one week.Immediately After Procedure
You will be taken to a recovery room.How Long Will It Take?
About 30-60 minutesHow Much Will It Hurt?
You will have pain after the procedure. Your doctor will give you pain medicine.Average Hospital Stay
1-2 daysPost-procedure Care At the Hospital
After the procedure, the hospital staff will:
- Monitor you for any problems
- Give you medicines for nausea
- Provide you with nutrition through an IV (if you have a tube in your stomach to drain fluid)
- Help you to slowly progress from a liquid diet to soft foods
Recovery takes about three weeks. When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
- Follow your doctor's instructions.
- Also, follow the recommended diet and activity plan.
Your liver will take over the functions of the gallbladder. You may notice that you have more trouble digesting fatty foods, especially during the first month of recovery.
Learn what the procedure is. Find out how it is performed.
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.