Colon Removal - Laparoscopic Care
Colon Removal - Laparoscopic Details
Alternate Names for Colon Removal - Laparoscopic:
Colectomy - laparoscopic
Partial colectomy - laparoscopic
Total colectomy - laparoscopic
Your doctor may do the following:
- Physical exam
- Blood tests
- Ultrasound exam of the abdomen-a test that uses sound waves to visualize the inside of the abdomen
- Barium X-ray -x-ray exam of the abdomen after swallowing a barium drink and/or receiving a barium enema
- CT Scan -a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of the inside of the body
- MRI Scan -a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of the inside of the body
- Colonoscopy and biopsy -exam and removal of tissue inside the large intestine using a flexible tube with a camera on the end
Leading up to your procedure:
Talk to your doctor about your current medicines. Certain medicines may need to be stopped before the procedure, such as:
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs for up to one week before surgery
- Blood-thinning drugs (eg, warfarin [Coumadin])
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Drink at least eight, 8-ounce glasses of water daily.
If recommended by your doctor:
- Follow a special diet.
- Take laxatives.
- Take antibiotics.
- Shower the night before the procedure using antibacterial soap.
- Arrange to have someone drive you home and to help you at home.
- The night before, eat a light meal or drink clear liquids. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight unless told otherwise by your doctor.
You will receive general anesthesia . You will be asleep.Description of Procedure
The doctor will make small incisions in the abdomen. She will then insert instruments through these incisions . The section of colon will then be removed through these small openings. The doctor may then sew together the two parts of the colon. In some cases, the doctor may need to switch to open surgery . This involves making a larger incision.
If all of your colon is removed, a colostomy or ileostomy will be done. This will create a path for waste to leave the body. The doctor will make a small opening, called a stoma, in the front of the abdominal wall. The open end of your intestine will be attached at the stoma. The stoma may be either temporary or permanent. This procedure may also be done if your intestine needs time to heal.
Stitches or staples will be used to close the area. A bandage will be placed over the incisions.Immediately After Procedure
You will be taken to the recovery room.How Long Will It Take
1- 4 hours or moreHow Much Will It Hurt?
You will have pain after the surgery. Your doctor will give you pain medicine.Average Hospital Stay
The hospital stay is 5-6 days. You may need to stay longer if you have complications.Post-procedure Care At the Hospital
The hospital staff will:
- Give you instructions about diet and activity if you have a stoma and a bag to collect waste. During the first few days after surgery, you may be restricted from eating.
- Instruct you to wear boots or special socks to prevent blood clots in your legs.
- Encourage you to do deep breathing to help prevent pneumonia.
If you have a colostomy:
- Limit activity for 1-2 months.
- A nurse will teach you how to care for the stoma site and change the ostomy bag.
- Slowly progress from a clear liquid diet, to a bland, low-fiber diet. You will slowly advance to a regular diet.
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist that you cannot take medicines that are time-released or time-sustained.
- Do not take laxatives.
- Drink eight, 8-ounce glasses of fluid every day. Extra fluid will be lost in your stool.
- Follow your doctor's instructions.
Learn what the procedure is. Find out how it is performed.
Find out why and when this procedure should be done.
Learn about possible complications and what might increase the risk of them.
What to Expect
Find out how long it will take, what they will be doing and what to expect afterwards.
What are the next steps and other possible tests needed after you have received the results.
Call Your Doctor
What to look out for and when to call your doctor after a procedure has been done.