Can anyone tell me the difference between an ultrasound scanning of the abdomen and transvaginal ultrasound?
I want to know what each of the above tests exactly look for when an elderly, postmenopausal lady is being asked to undergo these tests by her gynecologist...
Posted 3 years ago in Other by MerlinRevolution


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An ultrasound scanning of the abdomen is just checking out your uterus and what not... if you've had a history of cysts, fibroids, things like that, that may be why they are looking. A transvaginal ultrasound I believe is when they use a thick camera type device in the vagina and look. I'm not sure why an elderly, postmenopausal lady would be having this done -- it could just be routine and check ups, like a yearly mammogram, etc. I'm only 20 but I've had both and they used it to keep tabs on a uterine fibroid.
The differences between an ultrasound scan and a transvaginal ultrasound scan is: An ultrasound scan and a transvaginal ultrasound scan is a test that involves taking pictures of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound can be used to look at all soft tissue structures and blood vessels. Pulses of ultrasound are sent through the skin into your body which then echo (bounce back) from the various parts of the body, creating an image. The scan is carried out by an ultrasongrapher and the images are recorded and interpreted in order to make a diagnosis. There are no side effects from this examination and they are completely painless. These scans are usually done in the hospital X-ray department. Both scan are used by the same machine just that a: Transabdominal (Ultrasound Scan) Means: For most ultrasound exams, the patient is positioned lying face-up on an examination table that can be tilted or moved. A clear water-based gel is applied to the area of the body being studied to help the transducer make secure contact with the body and eliminate air pockets between the transducer and the skin. The sonographer (ultrasound technologist) or radiologist then presses the transducer firmly against the skin in various locations, sweeping over the area of interest or angling the sound beam from a farther location to better see an area of concern.Transvaginal Scan Means:Transvaginal ultrasound is performed very much like a gynecologic exam and involves the insertion of the transducer into the vagina after the patient empties her bladder. The tip of the transducer is smaller than the standard speculum used when performing a Pap test. A protective cover is placed over the transducer, lubricated with a small amount of gel, and then inserted into the vagina. Only two to three inches of the transducer end are inserted into the vagina. The images are obtained from different orientations to get the best views of the uterus and ovaries. Transvaginal ultrasound is usually performed with the patient lying on her back, possibly with her feet in stirrups similar to a gynecologic exam.Hope this information helps :)
Trans-vaginal ultrasound gives much more clear picture of uterus & ovaries than abdominal exercise.So a Gynecologist is always justified in asking for a vaginal ultrasound.
Abdomen ultrasound gives general idea about all abdominal organs,Vaginal ultrasound specifically done for female Genito-urinary system & pelvic pathology.

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